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Egypt Travel Guide

More information about Egypt

When we think of the world’s most spectacular destinations, Egypt is right up there with places like The Pyramids in Giza and the Great Sphinx of Giza. A beautiful country on its own, the landscapes of Egypt are a stunning combination of desert and ocean. There are few countries in the world where dunes meet beaches, just as there are few places that can claim to have a history as long and storied as that of Egypt. So, you can count on one thing whenever you visit Egypt: it will be an adventure!

Previous generations weren’t wrong when they said that “Egypt is for dreamers”

History of Egypt

The History of Egypt is well known for producing incredible advancements in language, writing, architecture, and religion, becoming a powerful force in government and agriculture. At its peak, Ancient Egypt was the most powerful civilization globally, with the first hieroglyphics appearing around 3200 BC and their first pyramid structures estimated to have been built around 2700 BC. They were centered around the cities of Memphis and Thebes but were separated by periods of intermediate rule by various pharaohs. The most famous pharaohs include Tutankhamun and Rameses II, who lived during the New Kingdom, which began around 1550 BC.
When its empire was believed to have reached an area of more than 40 million square kilometers across parts of present-day Egypt and Sudan, Libya, Ethiopia, and Eritrea, the New Kingdom ended approximately 3,000 years ago with the death of Ramses III. Occupation by Greece under Alexander the great began in 332 B.C.E. The Roman Period lasted until 395 A.D when Egypt gained its official independence as a province within the Eastern Roman Empire (including Syria and Palestine). From 539 C.E., when Egypt was conquered by Byzantine Emperor Justinian I, the country became part of the Eastern or Byzantine Empire for the next three centuries until 641 A.D. Today the country of Egypt is a predominantly Muslim country. Although it was an early center of Christianity before the 7th century, the population is primarily Muslim today. The nation declared independence from the British Empire in 1922, although the influence of the empire remained until the revolution of 1952.

Nature in Egypt

Egypt lies along the Mediterranean coast of North Africa and is mostly desert, with a few areas of lush vegetation such as the Nile Valley near Cairo and on the Red Sea. Appearing as an endless desert from space, Egypt has played an essential role in the history of Western civilization, owing to its geographical position and close proximity to Europe and Africa. Today, Egypt is a major tourist destination, providing both white sand on the beaches and archaeological remnants of ancient civilizations.


Sights in Egypt

One of the most important sites in Egypt, the Giza Pyramid Complex, can be a little overwhelming for many first-time visitors. The sheer scale of the pyramids, and their dominating presence as you enter the Giza Necropolis, are awe-inspiring. The three great pyramids are surrounded by the site of the workers’ town and several other small tombs constructed for close relatives to members of the royal family. Most visitors spend a long time there exploring the area, but it is well worth your time. Abu Simbel is a must-see attraction in Egypt. It’s one of the country’s most spectacular archaeological sites and is located close to the Sudanese border. This famous temple complex is carved into a mountainside and features statues of gigantic human figures, hieroglyphic carvings, and intricate relief work. Built around 1200 BC by Ramesses II, it attracts a large number of visitors each year from all over the globe. Egypt’s Valley of the Kings stands out as a must-see destination for the significant role its excavation has played in understanding ancient Egyptian civilization. It was the principal burial place of the most famous royal figures of the New Kingdom. The discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb at the end of the 18th century sparked tons of intrigue and mystery. Egypt offers many other attractions for visitors, from ancient tombs and temples to experienced wildlife and historic cities. A tour of Egypt is an ideal way to experience this rich history and heritage and see these sights firsthand.


Culture in Egypt

When it comes to culture, Egypt, a major African country bordering the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, has an ancient and glorious culture. Back in the era of the Pharaohs, it led the way in the arts and sciences, creating the first synthetic color pigment, Egyptian Blue, and inventing various design codes and practices. Today, with influences from both Europe and Africa, Egypt is one of the Arabic cultural trendsetters and a leader in its cinema industry. The country is